Quick Answer: How Is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Diagnosed?

What is the best treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Medications to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and its symptoms may include:Beta blockers such as metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL), propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL) or atenolol (Tenormin)Calcium channel blockers such as verapamil (Verelan, Calan SR,) or diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac)More items…•.

Can you exercise with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Current guidelines recommend restricting competitive sports participation for individuals with HCM to low-static/low-dynamic sports such as golf or bowling,1-3 and vigorous recreational exercise has also been recommended against.

What are the stages of cardiomyopathy?

There are four stages of heart failure, named A, B, C and D.Heart Failure Stage A. Pre-heart failure, which means that you are at high risk of developing heart failure.Heart Failure Stage B. … Heart Failure Stage C. … Heart Failure Stage D.

What is end stage hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

The end-stage (ES) of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has been described as a particularly grim and unfavorable complication of the disease, associated with significant morbidity and mortality and frequent heart transplant.

What are 4 signs of cardiomyopathy?

SymptomsBreathlessness with exertion or even at rest.Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet.Bloating of the abdomen due to fluid buildup.Cough while lying down.Fatigue.Heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering.Chest discomfort or pressure.Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting.

Does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy show up on ECG?

The classic ECG finding in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is large dagger-like “septal Q waves” in the lateral — and sometimes inferior — leads due to the abnormally hypertrophied interventricular septum. Criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy is usually present.

How does alcohol affect hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

NYU Langone doctors recommend that people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy limit or avoid alcohol. Alcoholic drinks can worsen obstruction in the heart, which reduce blood flow to the body. Alcohol consumption can also promote weight gain, which can worsen symptoms.

How is hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy diagnosed?

Tests: An echocardiogram is the most common test used to diagnose HCM, as the characteristic thickening of the heart walls is usually visible on the echo. Other tests may include blood tests, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, exercise stress echo test, cardiac catheterization and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

What is the life expectancy of someone with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is consistent with survival to normal life expectancy, including particularly advanced age into the tenth decade of life, with demise ultimately largely unrelated to this disease, according to a study being presented Nov.

Is there a genetic test for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Genetic testing can be done from a blood sample. It is important for two reasons: patients can find out more about their own prognosis, and they learn if family members, who have so far shown no signs of HCM, are at risk of developing the condition in the future.

Does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy get worse with age?

Most people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have no symptoms, or have a stable condition throughout adult life. A few people develop serious symptoms and some people find that their symptoms get worse in later life. This may be because they develop an arrhythmia (an abnormal heart rhythm – see page 21).

What medications should be avoided with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Agents to reduce pre- or afterload (such as nitrate, ACE inhibitors, nifedipine-type calcium antagonists) are contraindicated with HOCM due to possible aggravation of the outflow tract obstruction.

How serious is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

The thickened heart muscle can eventually become too stiff to effectively fill the heart with blood. As a result, your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs. Sudden cardiac death. Rarely, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can cause heart-related sudden death in people of all ages.

What viruses cause cardiomyopathy?

In North America, infection with coxsackie B virus is the most common cause of viral cardiomyopathy. HIV infection also can cause cardiomyopathy. In other parts of the world, other viral infections are more common causes. Occasionally, dilated cardiomyopathy results from a bacterial infection, such as Chagas disease.

What are the three types of cardiomyopathy?

The main types of cardiomyopathy are:Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM)Left Ventricular Non-compaction (LVNC)Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia (ARVD)

At what age does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy develop?

The average age for the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is around 39 years. Some may be born with the condition, while others may develop it during childhood. Some may develop hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) secondary to high blood pressure and aging.

Can stress cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

According to a new study, researchers have found that in addition to gene mutations, environmental stress also plays a key role in the development of the heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Is walking good for cardiomyopathy?

Daily light exercise is safe for most people with cardiomyopathy and heart failure and can help them to manage symptoms. Over time, it can reduce heart rate and blood pressure. Your NYU Langone heart specialist can recommend an exercise program that’s right for you. It may include walking, cycling, or jogging.